American Defense Service Medal
American Defense Service Medal was a military award of the United States Armed Forces, established by Executive Order 8808, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, on June 28, 1941. The medal was intended to recognize those military service members who had served on active duty between September 8, 1939 and December 7, 1941.
For service in the American Theater during the World War II there was a similar medal. The Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal. Members of the United States Army received this medal for any length of service during the eligibility period. Hence provided that they were on orders to active duty for a period of twelve months or longer. The United States Navy excluded Reservists who were on active duty for less than ten days, but otherwise the Navy. The United States Marine Corps, and United States Coast Guard. All awarded the medal to all personnel who served on active duty at any time during the eligibility period. (provided they passed their initial physical examinations).
authorized with the following Foreign Service Clasp: Issued by the United States Army for military service outside the continental limits of the United States, including service in Alaska. The foreign service clasp is a bronze bar 1/8 inch in width and 1-1/2 inches in length with the words FOREIGN SERVICE, with a star at each end of the inscription.
- Issued by the U.S. Navy and United States Marine Corps for service outside the continental limits of the United States (service in either Alaska or Hawaii qualified).
- Issued by the Navy, Marine Corps and United States Coast Guard for service on the high seas while regularly attached to any vessels of the Atlantic, Pacific, or Asiatic fleets as well as vessels of the Naval Transport Service and vessels operating directly under the Chief of Naval Operations. The Fleet clasp is a bronze bar 1/8 inch in width and 1-1/2 inches in length with the words FLEET inscribed.
- Issued by the Coast Guard for all other vessels and aircraft. Not qualifying for the Fleet Clasp, which regularly conducted patrols at sea.
- Awarded to any member of the Navy who served duty in actual or potential belligerent contact with Axis Powers in the Atlantic Ocean between June 22 and December 7, 1941
- Worn in lieu of clasps when wearing the American Defense Service Medal as a ribbon on a military uniform.
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